Skip to Content
Streetsblog USA home
Streetsblog USA home
Log In

Automated Bike Lane Enforcement Laws Are Taking Off — And So Is Camera Tech

A new AI-equipped technology helps cities identify when drivers park in unprotected lanes — and possibly, hit them with fines.

Automated bike enforcement laws are a growing trend across the nation – and one company thinks it's finally developed the advanced technology to make that emerging legislation a reality.

Following recent bike enforcement bills in Chicago, California, and New York, machine learning company Hayden AI recently launched a new technology that company officials believe is the first to use artificial intelligence to capture and track motorists who block cycle paths — and hopefully, improve safety for people who ride.

And they need all the help they can get. A staggering 966 people on bicycles were killed in the United States in 2021 alone, a 2.2-percent uptick from the previous year, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, marking the highest number of cyclists killed on U.S. roads since 1975.

Chart: League of American Bicyclists

There's little data on how many riders died because of blocked bike lanes, but advocates stress that even one such tragedy is too many.

Just last year, a motorist killed 3-year old Lily Shambrook when her mother was forced to swerve out of a Chicago cycle path where a utility truck had been illegally parked; the family's bike was quickly clipped by a semi-truck in the adjacent driving lane, throwing the toddler out of the rear-mounted bike seat in which she was riding and under the wheels. Another such fatality — that of Madison Lyden in New York in 2018 led, eventually, to the construction of a protected bike lane on Central Park West.

Kendra Ramsey, executive director of CalBike, whose organization supported California’s bike lane legislation, hopes automated enforcement programs will change the way drivers behave.

“This law helps with that culture change by increasing the likelihood that folks will be ticketed for illegally parking and hopefully improve the safety of people using the bike lanes,” Ramsey said.

Hayden AI hopes its technology can accelerate the implementation of bike lane laws by harnessing the power of machine learning to map cycle paths, identify vehicles or objects that may be obstructing them, and rapidly share that with the appropriate enforcement authority.

Photo: Hayden AI, via LinkedIn

The technology can be mounted to vehicles like buses, rather than stationary street fixtures like traffic lights and lampposts, but Hayden stresses that its reach is still significant. There's no data yet on how accurate the cameras are, but the company says it's based on the same technology as cameras that spot bus-lane blockers, which are 99 percent accurate.

“As long as we can see, we can map it," said Charles Territo, chief growth officer at Hayden AI. "And as long as we can map it, we can enforce it.”

Territo also says agencies can calibrate the technology to better decide when and when not to issue a violation. This might enable cities like New York to make special allowances for certain cargo delivery bikes, trikes and quad-cycles, which transportation officials recently moved to allow into bike lanes provided they are less than 48 inches wide.

“Any requirements specific to an agency or an ordinance, or a law, can be applied using AI and can be rejected or not captured at all,” Territo said.

Some cities may not embrace bus lanes and bus stop enforcement laws now, but Territo says AI can at least help them understand the magnitude of a problem like bike lane violations — even if city officials are not ready to start writing tickets.

“Cities want to see for themselves the scope of the problem,” Territo said. “And we find that [our technology] is a very helpful tool when it comes to quantifying how much of an issue parking in a bike lane parking in a bus lane or parking in a bus stop really is.”

Stay in touch

Sign up for our free newsletter

More from Streetsblog USA

Wednesday’s Headlines Are in a Good Place

How should we react to public indifference about the danger cars pose to society? Perhaps a sitcom has something to teach us.

July 24, 2024

Opinion: Is Kamala Harris ‘The Climate President We’ve Been Waiting For’?

Kamala Harris fought hard for a better transportation plan in the San Diego region despite big political risks. If elected president, will she do the same for the country?

July 24, 2024

America is Setting Micromobility Records — But That Boom Could Go Bust Without Public Funding

Shared bike and scooter trips soared 20 percent in a single year. So why are so many U.S. systems shutting down — and what will it take to keep the revolution rolling?

July 24, 2024

Get on the bus! Advocates Urge Mayor Johnson to Save Chicago Greyhound Terminal

According to the letter, rehabbing the station would cost less that $40M, a small fraction of the price tag of many other local transportation projects.

July 23, 2024

Tuesday’s Headlines Are Running Hard

More political news: Today's top stories delve into Kamala Harris' record on climate change and Republicans' plans for the Trump administration if he returns to power.

July 23, 2024
See all posts