Skip to Content
Streetsblog USA home
Log In

There is Structural Racism in Transport: Report

3:41 PM EST on December 18, 2019

Bike Easy celebrates a tactical urbanism “small win” — a protected bike lane on Marconi Drive in New Orleans. Photo: Bike Easy

Sponsored post: The Transportation Research Board’s 99th Annual Meeting will be held in Washington, D.C. from Jan. 12-16, 2020. Click here for more information.

Cities must include community members in planning, hire more diverse staff, and stop displacing residents to combat generations of structural racism in our car-dependent society that has long favored suburban commuters in single-family homes over poorer communities riven by highways and pollution, a new report argues.

Smart Growth America's report, "The State of Transportation and Health Equity," identifies six systemic challenges and 40 strategies for ensuring safe and free mobility for communities regardless of color or income.

"Transportation is one symptom of structural racism and this report focuses on strategies to address acute issues of transportation and breaking down long-standing inequities," said Smart Growth America program manager Mae Hanzlik, the study's author.  "It is a deciding issue in whether people can get to essential goods and services. We need to connect transportation solutions to values that the public and decision-makers care about."

Advocates and planners can address the six key challenges to transportation equity — poor communication, lack of funding, low-quality of leadership, lagging local participation, siloing of experts, and displacement of residents — by "putting people first" in the conversation. The report recommends framing solutions around issues such as freedom and fairness and demonstrating the benefits of street safety with small, sometimes temporary, projects, what some call "tactical urbanism."

"Advocates use jargon and rely on data instead of telling compelling stories," Hanzlik said. "We need to connect our message to the public’s everyday lived frustrations and show how transportation can improve the everyday lives of individuals and drive economic growth."

Making temporary improvement to roadways, like a traffic-calming circle or a painted pedestrian plaza barred to cars, can convert elected officials and the public to new ideas better than a grand scheme that may be hard to visualize.

"The fact we can make short-term change now, and measure it, and improve things, keeps officials engaged and shows that transportation can be changed," Hanzlik said. "Demonstration projects are an effective engagement to show communities the flexibility of the built environment and they can be applied in communities of all sizes and geographic regions."

Convincing officials to allocate more federal funding for transit, cycling, and pedestrian projects instead of highways and interchanges is harder.

Poor decision-making and weak leadership has created the environment we have today and it's not easy or affordable to fix, Hanzlik writes. But providing training for transportation professionals, strengthening the connection between transportation and public health, and hiring more diverse experts and civic leaders can create change over the long-term.

"Part of the solution is we need decision-makers to better represent the communities they serve. Leadership should be advancing a transportation system that focuses on people rather than moving cars at high speed over getting people where they need to go," she said. "It’s not just on one person or stakeholder to make sure those decision-makers are doing a better job."

In order to do that, experts and decision-makers must make space for historically disenfranchised communities when planning new infrastructure. That involves engaging the community from the beginning of any project and hiring nonprofit groups and community advocates when you need consultants.

"Hiring staff reflective of the community and paying community consultants for their expertise is important," Hanzlik added. "Often they’re asked for advice and thoughts without compensation but they often know a lot about transportation in their community and they should be compensated."

Perhaps most important, government leaders should never displace people in the name of "progress." Even when projects like a new rail line and more pedestrian crossings make a neighborhood more attractive — which can raise property values — transportation agencies must consider anti-displacement policies that keep longtime residents in their communities.

By letting residents participate in the decision-making about their own mobility, growth and renewal, transportation can shape how communities prosper and keep people healthy no matter their circumstance.

Stay in touch

Sign up for our free newsletter

More from Streetsblog USA

Distracted Off-Duty Cop Jumped Curb and Killed Chicago Woman On Sidewalk

It's infuriating that a person who was entrusted to help keep the public safe was reckless enough to take her eyes off the road while driving to pick up a phone, with tragic consequences.

December 8, 2023

Friday’s Headlines Include Transit

An International Association of Public Transport study found that many countries are neglecting transit in their plans to combat climate change.

December 8, 2023

Calif. Using“Auxiliary Lane” Freeway Widening Loophole for Non-Aux Lane Projects

Beyond just using harmful loopholes legally, Metro and Caltrans deceptively bypass environmental regulations in order to keep on widening freeways.

December 8, 2023

Talking Headways Podcast: Sausage Making and the ADA

"It is fundamentally inappropriate to keep charging disabled people twice as much," our guest Ron Brooks says.

December 7, 2023

The Real Reason Assaults Against Transit Workers Are On The Rise

Hint: it's not just because service has been slashed.

December 7, 2023
See all posts