How the Federal TIGER Program Revived a Cleveland Neighborhood

The "Uptown" development in Cleveland is part a way of construction that a TIGER grant helped catalyze in Cleveland. Photo: MRN
The “Uptown” development in Cleveland was catalyzed by a TIGER grant that helped relocate a rail station. Photo: MRN

Cleveland doesn’t look like a dying Rust Belt city these days in the Little Italy and University Circle neighborhoods. In fact, it looks like it’s thriving.

At the corner of Euclid and Mayfield, a new mixed-use development — MRN’s “Uptown” — is filling out, hosting a bookstore, a bakery, bars, and new apartments. Just across the street, the new home of the Museum of Contemporary Art sits gleaming, in the words of the New York Times, “like a lustrous black gem.” Another major office, retail, and residential project is planned a stone’s throw away.

biden_train
Vice President Joe Biden was in Cleveland Wednesday urging action to invest in infrastructure and preserve the TIGER program. Photo: Angie Schmitt

It’s hard to understate how remarkable this type of investment is in this area. Cleveland’s decades-long population decline has helped make it one of the weakest urban real estate markets in the country.

But this is a sweet spot in Cleveland. The Cleveland Clinic — Ohio’s largest employer — is less than a mile away. So are many of the city’s renowned cultural institutions — the Cleveland Museum of Art, the Cleveland Orchestra, and Case Western Reserve University. About 50,000 people work in the area.

Even so, the new developments in Little Italy might never have happened if not for the U.S. DOT’s TIGER program. Greater Cleveland’s Regional Transit Authority received a grant from the third round of TIGER funding in 2011, which provided about $12.5 million to rebuild and move a rail station from a dark, isolated location under a bridge about a third of a mile away to the middle of the neighborhood.

Local leaders in Cleveland had for years hoped to move the station to help build on the nearby assets. When the RTA applied for funding through TIGER, it was one of 828 projects seeking $517 million in funding. Just 46 of those applicants were awarded grants.

Despite the enormous demand for TIGER, it has been under the constant threat of elimination by the House GOP since the program was launched in 2009. A recent proposal put forward by House Republicans would turn TIGER from a multi-modal program that helps cities and metro areas directly access federal funds into a roads program. Meanwhile, the Senate has proposed a new transportation bill that fails to fund TIGER.

And that’s why Joe Biden was in Cleveland on Wednesday stumping for a new transportation bill that would preserve TIGER. “This is what we should be doing all over the nation,” said Biden.

At a press event urging action on infrastructure, Biden grounded his appeal in the developments near the rebuilt RTA station. Without the TIGER grant, he asked, “Do you think they’d be making the kind of investment they’re making right now in Little Italy?”

Investments like the TIGER grant to RTA help spur the kind of job creation that is desperately needed right now in Cleveland and throughout the United States, Biden said.

Cities like Cleveland especially need federal support. The state of Ohio does a miserable job supporting transit. Annually, the state allocates just $11 million to transit, ranking as one of the five worst states in the nation — and by far the most populous of those five states. As a result, many residents are simply left behind. Statewide, 9 percent of households don’t own cars, and in some Cleveland neighborhoods, more than half of households are car-free and depend on transit.

Greater Cleveland RTA only has about $75 million a year to spend on capital repairs, almost all of which comes from the federal government. And it’s not nearly enough. The agency is responsible for 70 miles of transit infrastructure, RTA chief Joe Calabrese told the crowd yesterday. All of its traincars are about 30 years old. Meanwhile, many of its stations are about 50 years old — and they need to be rebuilt, at a cost of around $15 million each.

TIGER funding has been a huge help to RTA, Calabrese said, enabling the agency to rehabilitate two stations. “These funds coming in from the federal government are impacting local companies and local jobs.”

  • Railist

    The Green and Blue Line trains were purchased in 1981, making them over thirty years old, which is near the end of their useful lives, and it shows in their reliability, especially during the winter, when they break down on a fairly regular basis. I think that the RedLine trains are of the same vintage, if not a few years newer.

  • Dru

    Still torn on the move from Euclid Ave. (at the edge of Little Italy but adjacent to the HealthLine) to Mayfield (on the main commercial corridor of Little Italy) of the Red Line stop. Granted the existing stop at 123rd was horrible (over the 20 some years that I used it I don’t think it ever didn’t smell of urine) but the location worked very well in conjunction with the Euclid Ave. busline and served the neighborhoods north of Euclid Ave. as well as Case and the institutions surrounding Wade Oval. The move of the station is only about 1/4 south, but unless/until the pedestrian connections back to Euclid Ave. are created and comfortably walkable (E 117th and E119th at night are not the most comfortable places to be at night as they are mostly desolate and lit poorly with areas of high contrast) I’m not a huge fan of the decision to move the station. It is good for Little Italy for sure (which is getting another new station at Cedar Hill) but it seems a wash for University Circle and a loss for connectivity to Euclid Ave. and the neighborhoods North of Euclid. That being said, the changes at University Circle over the past decade have been pretty astounding.

  • Ian Turner
  • Railist

    The new location might result in a slightly further walk for some folks, but the current stop at 123rd is a ready-made crime scene in a desolate location, with a disgusting and uncomfortable pedestrian connection to University Circle and Case’s campus. I will gladly trade a slightly further walk for a stop in location where there are actually people and activity nearby and which provides a safer pedestrian connection to University Circle and Case’s campus.

  • jamesbeaz

    Talk about America looking like a backwards, declining country: look at that train, something straight out of 1970.

  • Railist

    Greater Cleveland’s transit authority just paid to refurbished the innards of those trains so that they can extend their useful lives for ten or so more years.

  • Michael M. Moore

    Is this mixed-income development? Or gentrification?

  • Streetsblog Network

    It’s a medium/high income development in the middle of a very very low income neighborhood. Cleveland lost 17 percent of its population in the last 10 years alone, so there’s no shortage of housing. Displacement via high rents, aka San Francisco, is not really a big issue in Cleveland. Also this housing was not formerly housing, so no, I would say it is not gentrification, at least as far as it raises housing affordability/displacement issues. The median household income in this area is $18,500. In Cleveland, we don’t have too many high income people moving here, pushing out low income people. The dynamic is more the opposite of that.

  • Giuliana S

    I would like to see a stop at cornell between the University Circle stop and the to-be-built Mayfield road stop. E 120 got very little use. Also, the UCir “greenie” (I know, they haven’t been green for decades) buses are efficient shuttles.

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