Houston Has a Rail Solution to Traffic

The megalopolis has a $7.5-billion plan to expand transit options for Texans over the next two decades.

Houston is looking to extend light rail service in its $7.5 billion transit plan
Houston is looking to extend light rail service in its $7.5 billion transit plan

America’s fourth largest city could take a giant leap for mass transit — as long as Houston voters don’t muck it up.

Houston’s Metropolitan Transit Authority, or METRO, is nearly done compiling its $7.5-billion long-term plan to expand its rail and bus system to help Texans traverse Space City more easily, before a $3-billion bond proposal heads to the ballot in November.

“We are headed in the right direction, based on all our community input,” METRO chairwoman Carrin Patman told the Associated Press. “I think we are moving toward a wonderful plan to take out to the voters.”

Board members are finalizing proposals which consist of an additional 75 miles of bus rapid transit and 16 more miles of light rail, including a much-debated line connecting light rail service from downtown Houston to Hobby Airport and routes that reach the city’s outer suburbs.

The METRO board was considering several options in April including the extension of one to two lines to the airport, merging the East End and Southeast lines to create a new connection, or adding bus rapid transit the length of the route. A measure to extend the Green and Purple lines 0.2 miles from the western edge of the city’s Theater District to the Houston Municipal Courthouse has already been included.

At their May meeting, board members heard proposals to put rail lines on Broadway Street and Telephone Road, as well as on Washington Avenue between the city’s downtown and Heights Boulevard.

But the idea to add a new rail line on 75th Street received staunch opposition from residents and community leaders because it could abut a park project. And some board members insisted that new rail routes must include a parking lot at the end of their lines to get commuters to take it.

“Regardless of how we get to Hobby [Airport], I think it is paramount we put a park-and-ride lot at the end of it,” Metro board member Jim Robinson told the AP.

METRO will hold another community engagement meeting for Houston residents to weigh in on transit plans in June before releasing its final plan in July.

Any iteration of the plan will likely be welcome help for East Texans who suffer from extensive traffic delays and a lack of public transit.

People take more than 285,000 trips using public transit each weekday with about two-thirds of them on a local bus. Few of those who take transit, only about 14 percent, have commutes that last under half an hour, while 29 percent take more than an hour to get to work every day, according to a Geotab analysis. Those with cars can get to work much more quickly — half of motorists can get to the office within 30 minutes.

Commuting remains difficult if you don’t have a car. An estimated 984,000 Houstonians have a high need for more affordable transit options, according to a Link Houston study from last year. Among transit riders, 31 percent belong to a household without a vehicle while 58 percent of bus riders and 22 percent of rail riders don’t have the option to use a car even though they live in a home with one.

Houston’s METRORail system, which launched in 2004, currently has 22.7 miles of light rail and an average daily ridership of 61,476 in March 2019. Ridership has risen 28 percent since Houston’s last major rail expansion in 2015 when it opened a 5.3 mile extension to the Red Line and added the Purple Line.

Unlike other cities like L.A. and Denver which have tinkered with their light rail systems this past decade, Houston completely overhauled its bus network which now accounts for the bulk of transit ridership in the region.

UPDATE: An earlier version of this story undercounted the number of new BRT routes METRO is considering. The error was based on an undercount in an earlier AP report.

14 thoughts on Houston Has a Rail Solution to Traffic

  1. We seriously need to consider voting NO on this boondoggle until two things happen first:
    1.Fix our streets and drainage. Texas law allows Metro to spend its sales tax allotment on transportation projects, including streets.
    2. Test the ridership numbers on the uptown BRT. This will demonstrate Metro’s ability to predict ridership numbers on massive projects. Bus service to Uptown has been a total failure many times before, and if BRT is the answer to our transportation problems we’ll know one way or another. Building $3 billion or more of new BRT before we know is not smart.

    There are too many empty buses driving around west Houston these days; morning, noon and night. An independent audit of Metro’s ridership numbers would be another way to help voters decide if they would rather spend their tax dollars on empty buses or reduced flooding and fewer pot holes.

  2. @Bill Frazer
    What is an empty bus?

    A bus is smaller than 3 cars, with occupancy less than 1.5 persons/car on average. So the bus only needs to average more than 4.5 people on the run’s entire route to be considered space-efficient.

    Considering that bus passengers rely on frequency and consistency, it’s the entire line is space-efficient if it averages 4.5 people across the entire day.

    How are you tracking which buses are ’empty’?

  3. I would call a plan where 82% of the added miles are BRT a Bus Plan. Nothing wrong with that, just need some accuracy in reporting.

  4. LA has tinkered? Expo line completed. Gold line extended. Crenshaw line under construction, as well as the Purple line and Regional Connector, not to mention additional extensions under study or planning stages.

    Do some research before reporting.

  5. BRT may use “buses” but they’re not the type of buses that can be used on City streets, where they can go where needed.
    And an empty bus means a bus wit zero riders.
    Fix the drainage and flooding issues first. Let’s se how well BRT works in heavily trafficked Uptown before committing $7.5 Billion. Independent audit of ridership.
    Let’s plan for responsible transportation solutions.

  6. Let see the largest percentage of the hardest working people and a huge piece of the tax base comes from people that live west on I-10, Out HW-290, and Far north I-45 & 59. Yet I see no plans to have rails go in those directions. Yet you want to continue the same mistakes and put more rail thru the ghetto. I’m with Bill Frazer lets get an independent auditor to see where the WORKING PEOPLE!! commute into the inner city from.

  7. Bill Frazier, have you looked at all the “empty cars” sitting 8 hours a day in Houston parking lots, taking up valuable real estate that could be used for something much more productive?
    If you want to start throwing out figures in the name of fiscal conservatism why are you not calling out one of Houston’s biggest boondoggles, like the Katy Freeway expansion, the $2.8 billion fiasco that has only increased congestion and made commute times longer, by 55% in the afternoons! Or how about the proposed $10 million I-45 expansion by a DOT that’s “insolvent” (more than half of their revenue goes to servicing old debt), Old and outdated 1960’s thinking which focuses on moving one or two people in a hulking SUV, is incredibly inefficient and wasteful. All that road expansion is also the root cause of the flooding concerns you cite. We’ve built a mansion with daddy’s money, but we can’t afford to maintain it. The Feds provide 80% of financing for new big new projects, but that funding source is no longer there once those projects reach the end of their lifecycles. The future is in a multi-modal transportation network. We are gonna have to do more with a lot less. That also means finding more efficient ways to move more people, not more cars…

  8. Bill should document those “empty” buses. A day pas doesn’t cost much.
    He can get out early in the morning, ride all day and count the average number of riders in each bus, then report back on how many had ore than a dozen, how many were lightly used and ow many were “zero”.
    Then, instead of regurgitating “think tank” slogans he can report on actual experience.

  9. This plan is a very good start. BRT is more cost effective for a spread out city like Houston. I think we will see transit going out to some of the suburbs with commuter rail but that will have to be the next phase. Linking to Hobby and more central destinations will help commuters within 610 (those who are more likely to take transit than wealthy suburbanites)

  10. Don’t listen to all the wealthy suburban gasheads like Bill and Chaz. It’s easy for those two oil-addicted idiots to hate transit because it’s obvious that they’ve never used it before. Politicians with the “driving is superior to everything else” mentality and desire for fossil fuel money are the reason America has such bad transit systems and an extremely high carbon footprint. Dallas not only continues to expand its light rail system, but also introduced commuter rail to suburban communities. Why can’t Houston do the same? By the way, railways are naturally much less prone to flooding than roads. Why do you think cities like Tokyo and Amsterdam rarely ever experience severe flooding events, despite their similar terrain and weather patterns? Because they invested in rail systems at the same time as roads.

  11. Tell this to the state, who refuses to spend our tax dollars on anything other than roads and lethal injections. Politicians complain endlessly about needing to “rebuild America’s crumbling infrastrucfure”, but we can’t just keep rebuilding the same old roads and bridges like everyone always refers to. We need to try new bold ideas like metro and high speed rail. Wouldn’t you love to see a high speed railway from Houston to Dallas? It’s too long to drive and too short to fly.

  12. Houston also needs commuter rail to Galveston, Beaumont and outlying areas of Houston including out to Kay.

  13. Houston has always been a great place to live! Traffic has been trying everyone’s patience. I believe that a clean looking train system would be nice. The rapid buses however, are still buses. If we are going to spend this much money, there should be a more organized, well thought out plan. Not just, let’s put a train here, then a few years goes by and we put some high speed buses in a special lane. We had trains and trolleys years ago. The trolley’s took you all over houston and the trains took you all over the US. Then the oil companies and the automobile companies came in and bought the trolley’s and retired them. Does anyone know who their bond authority is? Is it a government agency or a corporation? Also, what are they being offered in order for this bond to be given to the city of Houston? I know some of the money will come from the federal government. Some from our taxes (which were allocated for something else, but what?). Also, we really do need to look at flooding. But, this is a completely separate subject. My home flooded during Harvey. I did not have flood insurance and we did not get one penny from FEMA. So, that is just another concern of Houstonians that needs to be addressed. As well as roads that will still be used by people who will not be able to use the metro.

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