Highway Boondoggles: I-49 Inner City Connection in Shreveport, Louisiana

Each of the proposed I-49 expansion routes run through the heart of the Shreveport community of Allendale. Red dots represent churches.
Each of the proposed I-49 expansion routes run through the heart of the Shreveport community of Allendale. Red dots represent churches.

In their fourth Highway Boondoggles report, U.S. PIRG and the Frontier Group profile wasteful highway projects that state DOTs are building across the country. Today’s boondoggle is a highway that would slice through the heart of a neighborhood in Shreveport. The cost is being justified with questionable economic growth projections, and the project will divert money away from needed repairs to existing roads and bridges.

Louisiana officials are making plans to build an expensive highway that will harm a community, reminiscent of highway projects that devastated urban areas in the middle of the 20th century. The plan is to spend $547 million to $640 million building a new 3.5-mile cut-through section of Interstate 49 that will divide the northern section of Shreveport. A loop interstate already exists around Shreveport and is the “no build option.”

The new section of highway would cut through the middle of the neighborhood of Allendale.  All of the cut-through routes proposed so far would require demolishing at least one church and at least 50 homes. Unsurprisingly, many residents have expressed outrage over the plan, for which state officials were drafting an environmental impact statement as of November 2017.

The proposed highway could have costs beyond the damage to a community. Research has shown that road-centric development tends to be less valuable from a tax-base standpoint than the older, denser development that gets replaced. And a number of studies have found that building highways does not generate new economic growth – it merely redistributes economic activity from city centers to new-build suburbs or from one town to another. In fact, some studies on sprawl have found evidence of enormous harm to the economy – a 2015 study by the Victoria Transport Policy Institute estimated that urban sprawl costs the U.S. economy $1 trillion each year as a result of costs including greater spending on infrastructure, public service delivery, and transportation.

Residents of Allendale have proposed an alternative project: Upgrading Route 71, which is already used by drivers to connect to I-49, into a multiuse “business boulevard.” According to the community group #AllendaleStrong, such a project would cost just a fraction of the cost of the I-49 cut-through, while strengthening existing communities and bolstering local businesses. 

Meanwhile, funding is needed for other important transportation projects in both Shreveport and around the state, including:

  • Repairing aging roads and bridges. More than 60 percent of Louisiana roads are in poor or mediocre condition. And Louisiana ranks second in the country in structurally deficient bridges, based on square footage of bridge deck. 
  • Creating a smarter transportation network. In 2016, Shreveport applied for grant funding from the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Smart City Challenge. Among the improvements envisioned for the city are new electric vehicle charging stations, a new “electric taxi circulator station” that would be a hub for electric, shared transportation, and new systems to make the bus system more efficient and more responsive to riders’ needs.

Not only would the I-49 project likely fail to achieve its economic promises, it would also add to Louisiana’s already-growing highway debt. As of the end of 2015, Louisiana had $3.4 billion in highway debt, nearly 11 times more than at the end of 2000, not adjusted for inflation. And in 2014, Louisiana spent $310 million on highway debt service, six times more than in 2000. Further debt could complicate Louisiana’s already-difficult budget situation, as the state is facing the prospect of credit rating downgrades in the face of a nearly $1 billion budget shortfall in the 2019 fiscal year.

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  • Vooch

    Every. Single. Urban Superhighway should be removed and the pre-existing streetgrid restored.

  • Allendale, what a place, with a median home price of $27K, which is even-cheaper than Youngstown, OH, which has already lost about 65% of its 1970 population.

    Here is a nice place in Allendale that is for sale. It has 3 BRs, 1 BA, is 1636 sf, on a 4792 sf lot. It isn’t in the path of an I-49 extension. Just $14,900 asking, which kind of reminds me of inner-city Detroit!!!

  • TakeFive

    Well done with good ideas that might actually make a positive difference.

  • Now here is a special treat: This guy is a highly-experienced and respected PHD accident investigator that has testified in almost 1000 cases.

    He has researched and written dozens of studies on traffic safety issues.

    This piece of his I highly-recommend for bike riders. It is entitled “Bicyclists: Read This to Save Your Life”:

    Marc Green, PHD:

    .http://www.visualexpert.com/Resources/readthis.html

  • Here is a recent piece by Marc Green PHD entitled “Why Pedestrians (And Bicyclists) Die. And What To Do About It”,

    http://www.visualexpert.com/Resources/WhyPedsdie.html

  • douglasawillinger

    Is this a revival of an earlier such proposal?

    Some of that area appears to be lightly occupied, as if people moved out years ago.

    What is the proposed configurations of this new highway link? Elevated berm? Open trench? Open trench designed to be lidded?

  • Leafy

    Who is this freeway for?

    Do they really need I-49 going through the city? They could just rip out all of I-49 past the loop and replace it all with a surface street.

    Freeways shouldn’t go through cities. Why can’t they just have the beltways, and people can go into the cities via surface streets?

  • quintion

    because the loops would’ve been congested

  • Michael G Waldon

    A big reason for the decline in property values is, in fact, the decades old plan to destroy the neighborhood with an interstate. No one wants to buy a house next to an interstate highway. And, property owners who see their property values destroyed by this boondoggle just have to suffer the loss forced on them by our own government. We are seeing the same thing happening in Lafayette, Louisiana where a decades old plan to route I-49 through the heart of the city is also being forced on the citizens. Contractors rake in tens of millions in contracts; lobbyists spread campaign contributions; property owners loose their life-long home equity.

  • My wife and I live within 1.5 miles of I-25 here 20 miles north of downtown Denver and our place is worth about $750K. In-fact just down the street here they are building brand-new houses that are only 3/4ths of a mile from I-25 that are in the $500K to $600K range so proximity to a freeway doesn’t seem to have the same effect here.

    Now as a trucker for 31 years (retired in 2010) I always thought that I-49 was a needed freeway, at-least from I-10 to I-20.

  • Michael G Waldon

    I was not clear enough in my comment. Urban property values typically fall significantly near an urban interstate. Conversely, rural interstates often raise property values. Some of the homes in Lafayette, La, where I live will literally be within tens of feet of the structure, but get no compensation. Noise and pollution are all these homeowners get as they would see their home equity drop and the quality of their lives destroyed. Rural interstates are seldom routed this close to homes. Rural interstates often raise neighboring home values because they are not so close to the homes, new businesses move to interchanges, and demand for the homes increase as commuters move in. We want these old urban routes like I-49 at Shreveport and Lafayette moved to bypass the urban heart. The real reason this boondoggle continues is that the state fears the very advantageous state’s cost share will be lost if the route is moved. We must now suffer because of mistakes of the 1960s when these routes were selected under out dated (and racist) federal guidelines. Read more about property value impacts at my blog opposing the I-49 Con https://connectorcomments.blogspot.com/2016/05/expected-loss-of-residential-property.html

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