The 23-Lane Katy Freeway: A Monument to Texas Transportation Futility

Fast-growing Texas cities have an enormous traffic problem — that much isn’t in dispute. But the response has been myopic: pouring more and more money into widening highways. Even the road engineers at the Texas Transportation Institute recently acknowledged there’s no way these cities can fund and build highway lanes fast enough to keep pace with population growth. That’s in no small part because widening and expanding highways fuels sprawl that induces more car trips, TTI acknowledged.

Twenty-three lanes for the Katy Freeway and traffic is moving 51 percent slower. Photo: Houston Tomorrow
The 23-lane Katy Freeway doesn’t look like this at rush hour. Photo: Houston Tomorrow

Jay Crossley at Houston Tomorrow crunched the numbers after the infamous Katy Freeway widening. U.S. Representative John Culberson recently bragged in Congress about how this $2.8 billion expansion “from eight lanes to 23 lanes” has resulted in “moving more cars in less time, more savings to taxpayers than any other transportation project in the history of Houston.”

In fact, reports Crossley, all that money seems to be doing a great job of generating more traffic:

Houston commutes continue to get worse despite billions in spending on new road capacity. Traveling from Downtown outbound on the I-10 Katy Freeway to Pin Oak took 51% more time in 2014 than in 2011, according to Houston Tomorrow analysis of Houston Transtar data. The Houston region in recent years has been spending the most per capita on new roads of the ten largest metropolitan regions in the nation.

In 2014, during peak rush hour, it took 70 minutes, 27 seconds to travel from Downtown, past Beltway 8, all the way to Pin Oak, just past the Katy Mills Mall. In 2011, this same trip took 46 minutes, 53 seconds.

The addition of single occupant vehicle capacity (SOV) and toll lanes to Katy Freeway completed in 2010 cost $2.8 billion. This was $1.63 billion more than the original 2001 price tag of $1.17 billion, according to the Federal Highway Administration.

To the north, this is why Patrick Kennedy at D Magazine has been arguing that Dallas must shift course, invest in creating walkable places and options other than driving. So far, the message has not sunk in at the state legislature. But it is beginning to make headway in Dallas.

Elsewhere on the Network today: Greater Greater Washington writes that incomes are rising in DC, but not for the people who were born there. ATL Urbanist reports that Atlanta is seeking TIGER funding to link its new streetcar to the Beltline project. And shares a classic cartoon about American car culture from Ken Avidor.

11 thoughts on The 23-Lane Katy Freeway: A Monument to Texas Transportation Futility

  1. The Katy Freeway was a 6 lane freeway, that has become a 8-10 lane freeway in most segments with a 4 lane tollway. At its widest at the IH610 interchange there are 16 lanes. There is no segment where the freeway is 23 or 26 lanes wide. Fake news, look at google maps and count them. Frontage roads are not freeway lanes they have traffic lights, no on ramps, sidewalks, and bicycles. They are not part of an interstate or freeway, if they were what other parallel roads should be counted too? It is also not the widest in the country.

    Also the population of houston has increased by over 1 million people since the Katy freeway was opened. It was a necessary expansion becasue of the tremendous growth of population on the west end.

    Adding schools is futile, becasue people just have more kids. Adding hospitals are futile as it just encourages people to get sick. Bad logic. Expanding transportation infrastructure is a response to increase “over” population. The people are coming we have to add more transportation to accommodate the extra population.

  2. Apparently the “23 lanes” was taken from a quote from a Houston congressman who was taking credit for building them, so the fake news started with his math. The point is that “add[ing] more transportation” in the form of “free” way widening did not decrease peak traffic travel time and with $3 billion in costs isn’t affordable for any region to accommodate population increase.Your logical leap from roads to schools and hospitals is debatable, but “transportation” has a variety of options that are more affordable and can transport more people in less time.

  3. The reason why the Katy Freeway failed to improve the traffic problem was because the lane configuration has A LOT of DESIGN FLAWS. Most of those flaws are ontamps that have no dedicated lane and at ramdom places the freeway narrows from 5 to 4 lanes. Although most onramps have their own lane, the very few that don’t have completely killed the entire road. Yes, the Katy Fwy has the potential to be completely traffic free, but those design flaws prevents the freeway from performing to its full potential. (Ex: inbound onramp over Blalock Rd)

    Also the reason why most freeways in Houston still fail at handling the traffic is because the same design flaws are being repeated over and over again and more to come for 290 outbound at 1960 and I-45. (approx 70% of new freeway expansions have at least 2 design flaws, even minor flaws will totally destroy any freeway completey)

    Because the same mistakes are being repeated constantly, it makes it seem as if fixing the traffic is impossible… And unfortunately many are starting to give up… Why? Because almost everyone keeps misunderstanding how freeways really work.

    Is it possible for Houston to have a traffic free freeway system? Yes, but first we have to get rid of all the bottlenecks and and design flaws, solutions to all of them are still possible.


  4. I agree what the others say that the lanes are on the Katy Frwy! The widest of the Katy Frwy is 16 lns! However since construction on the West Loop Frwy north of the Katy Frwy is over, the West Loop became 18 lns which is now the worlds widest frwy! Come see yourself! Coming soon the West Loop south of the Katy Frwy will be widened, however will get separate express lanes which will put the rest of the West Loop as the worlds widest frwy!

  5. Are you people seriously nitpicking if a freeway has 20 lanes or 16 or whatever? That is your only argument? This is just one example of endless examples across the country showing that adding freeway miles does NOTHING to stem the rise in congestion. To the million new residents argument, you think those homes might have been built out in the fringes of the west side partly because the freeway was planned to be expanded to stupendous levels? You think this obscene freeway project might have… induced demand?

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  7. The faded, almost non-existant lane markers on I-10 at Barker Cypress, going east are a major safety hazard. One does not know if they are veering out of the lane for quite some distance. I feel in danger when driving in that part of I-10 especially since the traffic is always heavy.

  8. Arthur Bhutic – By that logic, adding hospitals encourages people to be sick, and adding schools encourages people to have more children. The real issue is we had over 1 million people move to the houston area a large portion on the west end. The problem is population growth. Building infrastructure is a quality of life choice. More people and no new roads=more congestion.

    The argument that adding lanes causes traffic is as silly as saying, if I build a 16 lane freeway in Cody Wyoming it will be jammed in 2 years. Its population growth that causes traffic. Always has been.

  9. P.S. induced demand has been a long discredited “theory” like vaccines cause autism.

    Its like saying, adding sewers induces people to go to the bathroom more. Sewers are a response to population growth as hospitals, schools, size of police force, number of trucks brining in food, and etc. Infastucture like roads, rails, etc are there to provide transportation for more people.

  10. I went to school in the same building as the Texas Transportation Institute. After examining several miles of movie film of traffic on the Gulf Freeway. They concluded in 1956 that freeways do not relieve congestion, only encourage it.

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