Third Houston Outerbelt Would Turn Prairies Into Texas Toast

There’s a place just outside Houston where the vinyl siding and attached garages thin out and recede into grasslands.

The Katy Prairie, one of the country's last remaining natural grasslands and an important bird habitat, may be replaced with a highway and sprawl. Image: ##http://www.houstontomorrow.org/livability/story/sierra-club-files-suit-against-grand-parkway/##Houston Tomorrow##

In this place — one of the country’s few remaining tall-grass prairies — something amazing happens each fall. First hundreds, then thousands, then millions of birds arrive here at Katy Prairie, an international wintering grounds for migratory birds, especially waterfowl.

Over the decades, this 1,000 square mile sanctuary has largely survived the encroachment of farmers and relentless development pressure from neighboring Houston, thanks in no small part to its dedicated supporters.

But the Katy Prairie has never faced a opponent like the Grand Parkway before. Piece by piece, the Houston area has been building a third — yes, third — bypass for the region. And much to the horror of local environmentalists, the next segment is planned to directly bisect this extraordinary habitat.

Development of this pristine land isn’t just collateral damage — it’s the point of the project. Project sponsors make no bones about it: The 15.2-mile Grand Parkway segment through Katy Prairie is a $462 million development project as much as it is a transportation project. Known as “Segment E,” it would be the third phase in a 180-mile “scenic bypass” for Houston. Each of the 11 segments is considered a separate and “independently justifiable project.”

Billy Burge of the Grand Parkway Association says right now there isn’t much need for Segment E, in terms of traffic. Burge and his colleagues don’t shy away from the fact that the project will generate more car trips and sprawl. In fact, they have what you might call a “build it and they will come” philosophy about road-building and traffic.

“There’s real demand in 15 to 17 years to have this,” said Burge, who chairs the association overseeing the project for the state and the region. “Once that link is completed, you’ll have a steady stream of traffic.”

To hear Burge and his colleagues at TexDOT and Harris County tell it, they are simply trying to get out ahead of what they see as inevitable: sprawl, on top of sprawl, on top of sprawl. But not in a bad way, they say.

“It will increase sprawl but that’s really the reason people come to Houston: to have a big house and a big yard,” said Burge. “You can call it sprawl, or you can call it quality of life.”

Bridgeland development advertises its closeness to the Katy Prairie. But if the Grand Parkway is completed, developments like this one will likely replace most of the important grasslands. Photo: ##http://www.bridgeland.com/communities/water-haven##Bridgeland##

If you want to see what will likely replace the switchgrass and wildflowers of Katy, look to the Bridgeland development. This massive, 12,000-acre “new urbanism” development, where homes sell from $160,000 to north of $1 million, stalled in the real estate crisis. Since then, developers have stepped up pressure on local authorities to bring forward highway infrastructure needed to jump start sales.

Meanwhile, local environmentalists are pushing back. Conservationists and bird-watchers feel so strongly about the Katy Prairie that in 2009, when 1,000 acres were threatened by development, volunteers painstakingly dug up every inch and transplanted it on land owned by the Katy Prairie Conservancy.

In March 2009, the Sierra Club filed suit against the FHWA, alleging that the agency was wrong to provide preliminary environmental approval for the project. Though its first attempt to halt the project was struck down in court, the group is currently awaiting the results of an appeal.

Sierra’s Lone-Star Chapter charges that project sponsors purposely constrained “the purpose and need” section of the plan to preclude the no-build option. Further, the environmental assessment ignored the impact of induced growth.

The Sierra Club has also appealed to the Army Corps of Engineers to deny the permit needed to fill in wetlands. Wildlife concerns aside, the Sierra Club says, the Grand Parkway proposal presents a real flooding problem. The wetlands act as a sponge to prevent flooding downstream. Local transportation officials’ plan to fill in the prairie and build a new wetlands 30 miles away won’t cut it, said Sierra’s Brandt Mannchen.

“This project is a poster child of everything that’s bad about losing wetlands about reducing water quality,” he said.

The Sierra Club and other local environmental groups have proposed a series of alternatives. The Sierra Club, for example, would support making the whole structure a bridge or widening existing arterial roads that connect I-10 and US-290.

Each year, millions of birds winter in the grasslands of the Katy Prairie. Photo: ##http://swamplot.com/new-500-acre-lake-bringing-nature-to-the-katy-prairie/2008-04-16/## Swamplots##

Jay Crossley of the local think tank Houston Tomorrow says the money would be better spent improving transportation options where people already live, through transit, bikeways and micro-level road projects.

“It’s a speculative investment project while all our elected officials basically say we’re broke,” he said. “I think it has rightfully been characterized as the worst transportation project in the country.”

The reaction isn’t much more positive in the 221 pages of public comments [PDF] submitted to the Grand Parkway Association on Segment E.

“My hope is that Segment E will not be built at all because it will destroy the Katy Prairie as we know it and dramatically reduce wildlife habitat,” said Ken Hartman of Houston in a letter to project leaders.

Said Steve Gross of Houston: “The Katy Prairie is a precious and dwindling resource for wildlife, including thousands of birds that utilize this area for a wintering and breeding grounds. I oppose any development project that fails to recognize these important areas.”

Steven Gast, address not given, was more direct. “Such a waste of everything,” he said. “Where do I vote against this, and everyone associated with it?”

  • Emily S.

    I have great admiration for environmentalists working in the Houston area. Such a thankless job.

  • ULoseHard

    Seriously, suck harder. If you live out here, you want the road. I’ve driven through the ‘prairie’ about 2,000 times, and I’ve never seen more than 10 to 20 crows. Every once in a while you see an egret on the bayou, but it’s not like flocks of bald eagles are flying around. It’s farm land, scrub, and random warehouses. Buy a clue and save some whales.

  • Charles_Siegel

    I guess the road builders do not think the current wildfires in Texas are bad enough. They want to build a road that will contribute to worse global warming, worse desertification, and worse wildfires.

  • Dperl88

    How is this project still allowed to continue? It’s not exactly like there is a shortage of housing in suburban areas…did all the Houston homeowners out there whose mortgages are underwater suddenly get bailed out? Only that would explain why on earth a city like Houston needs more sprawl and reckless development. Apparently people have learned NOTHING from this last recession!

  • Jeremy Ritchey

    The thing about people in charge in Houston is that they don’t give a damn about the publics opinion. Even if they do have 200 some odd pages of negative comments.

  • Jeremy Ritchey

    The thing about people in charge in Houston is that they don’t give a damn about the publics opinion. Even if they do have 200 some odd pages of negative comments.

  • Eric McClure

    It’s really hard to have much hope for the future of humankind when one reads about a proposal such as this.

  • Blt

    70 years ago there were few birds in the Katy Prairie near Houston. Then the rice farmers moved in. Now due to water and land prices rice farming has moved further west of Houston. Birds are moving too. Human action encouraged them to stop near Houston. The end of that action makes this area less significant. And much of the area in the map is already developed.

  • Some of us want to villify developers who turn rural lands into subdivisions. But, if “smart growth” is so smart, how come there’s so much “dumb growth” going on? The real villains are not the developers, but the laws and incentives that make greenfield development an apparently cheaper alternative to the development, maintenance or improvement of already-urbanized areas.

    As long as our tax laws subsidize and encourage real estate speculation, the high cost of urban land will continue to drive people (and developers) out into cheaper rural areas that are more appropriate for agriculture, conservation and recreation. Reform of the income tax and the property tax could go a long way toward making economic incentives more harmonious with public policy objectives for job creation, affordable housing, transportation efficiency and smart growth. For more information, see http://www.justeconomicsllc.com

  • @rickrybeck:disqus , I completely agree.

  • HouEdu

    It’s really disturbing. People must read “Cities for a small planet” by Richard Rogers. It’s disgusting, and plain stupid for this project to develop further. It’s more harmful than explained. It sets a tone and a precedent for further destruction of our environment, and the low quality of life that it brings with it. It’s not just about the birds, it’s about the health effects that it sets off for us. More cars, more blacktop roofs, more impermeable surfaces, more heat island effect, more flooding. Way down the cycle is the effects of the ecosystem and the food chain that will inevitably affect us as well.

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