A Misguided Fix for Traffic Congestion in Silicon Valley

In a study of Denver residents, those who lived near a transit station were less likely to take transit to work than those who worked by transit. Image: CityLab
In a study of Denver residents, working near a transit station was a more important factor leading people to commute by train than just living near a station. Image via CityLab

According to a recent study of transit riders in Denver covered by CityLab, people who work within a 15-minute walk of a rail station are more likely to commute by train than people who live close to transit but don’t work by a station.

Network blog Peninsula Transportation Alternatives says the study underscores how a proposal aimed at reining in traffic in Palo Alto is misguided. The City Council there is looking to limit office development downtown, where transit access is good:

Palo Alto City Council is about to implement a strict cap limiting new office development to 50,000 square feet per year in the areas closest to the city’s two Caltrain stations, and the El Camino Real corridor with bus service every 10-15 minutes… City Council plans to vote on the cap, which would stay in effect for two years or until the City completes its Comprehensive Plan update in the works.

While one of the goals of the cap was to address parking and traffic challenges, a recent survey found that 45% of the 10,000 employees who work in downtown Palo Alto commute by transit and other non-car modes, even before the implementation of new programs to reduce driving downtown.

Meanwhile, Palo Alto is not imposing an office development cap on the Stanford Research Park. SRP is farther from transit, and currently has about an 80% car commute rate for its 23,000 employees. According to the staff report, SRP has seen more office growth than Palo Alto’s other jobs areas over the last 15 years. Palo Alto Council intends to eventually require SRP to reduce car trips — this is feasible, but more challenging and costly, since it requires an extra shuttle ride to connect to Caltrain.

Talk of the office cap has already led tech firm Survey Monkey to announce it is leaving Palo Alto for San Mateo, where the company has found a transit-accessible location with room for expansion. More than 60 percent of the company’s employees arrive by train.

Elsewhere on the Network today: Twin Cities Sidewalks takes a look at some of the glittering metropolises that went all in on free parking. The Urbanophile explores how cities can make better use of the spaces under elevated highways and trains. And Bike Walk Kansas City lists some of the “unexpected” cities that now have protected bike lanes.

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At Bourg-la-Reine, outside Paris, the rail station is surrounded by dense, mixed-use development and walkable streets. Image: Google Maps

What American Commuter Rail Can Learn From Paris, Part 2

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In Europe it's common for regional rail systems to get ridership comparable to that of the subway in the central city. But in America, this is unheard of. One reason for the discrepancy is land use: American commuter rail stations are typically surrounded by parking, while in the Paris region you see a different pattern with ample development next to suburban train stations.
The Garnett MARTA station in downtown Atlanta, surrounded by parking

A Fixation on Parking Threatens Transit Progress in Atlanta

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Darin Givens is frustrated with how Atlanta is planning for the future. “We don’t feel like the city is building transit that fits needs, or places that fit transit,” says the founder of local advocacy site Thread ATL. “You see nodes of density nowhere near transit, located nowhere near a MARTA station or a regular MARTA bus. We’re not matching development and transit.”

Located Next to the Train, Survey Monkey HQ Minimizes Car Commuting

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While Apple gets ready to break ground on its suburban spaceship campus, Palo Alto-based Survey Monkey is showing there’s a better way to locate. Adina Levin at Network blog Peninsula Transportation Alternatives says that less than a third of Survey Monkey employees drive to work — thanks, quite simply, to a transit-friendly site: The developer of online survey […]