Census: American Bike Commuting Up Nine Percent in 2012

Congratulations, America. We’re biking to work more than ever before.

Photo: ##http://www.hudsontma.org/index.php?page=bikecommuter&option=com_content&task=view&id=218&cat_id=18&Itemid=54##Hudson TMA##

We’ve known for a while that Americans are driving less than they used to, even as the economy grows. And just about every quarter, the American Public Transportation Association delivers more stats about increasing transit ridership. Now the Census brings another measure of Americans’ shifting transportation habits: Bicycle commuting grew 9 percent last year, bringing it to a historic high.

Now, compared to countries with better bike infrastructure, America’s rate of bike commuting is still puny. But the Census shows it’s heading in the right direction: Almost 865,000 people, or 0.61 percent of the commuting public, reported biking as their primary method of getting to work in the 2012 American Community Survey. That’s not much mode-share, but it’s still a 9 percent jump over 2011, when 0.56 percent of commuters reported biking to work. While the three years before that didn’t show much growth at all, bike commuting has grown 61 percent since 2000. (A few caveats about the Census as a measurement of overall cycling: It only counts commuting, not other trips, and people who bike to work less than half the time don’t get counted either.)

The bicycling gender gap seems to be narrowing as well. Ken McLeod of the League of American Bicyclists took a look at women bike commuters, noting that their numbers have risen almost 59 percent since 2006:

What’s more, the ACS data shows that the growth in bike commuting by women is outpacing that of men. Between 2011 and 2012, the growth in bike commuting by women was 10.9 percent, compared to 8.4 percent for men.

The growth in bicycling isn’t happening in a vacuum. Safe infrastructure for bicycling is becoming a priority in cities across the country. Cities like New York, Chicago, and Washington, DC, are competing to add the most bike lanes. Smaller cities like Indianapolis and Memphis are also building bike routes at an impressive rate. Last year alone, the number of protected bike lanes in the United States rose from 62 to 102. Meanwhile, the rapid growth of bike-share is reducing barriers to cycling in several cities. Any wagers on how much bike commuting will increase in next year’s Census?

While bike commuting is on the rise, the simple walk to work is losing ground. Almost four million people walked to work last year — 2.8 percent of all commuters. That’s a 28 percent drop in mode share since 1990, when nearly 4.5 million people commuted on foot. The percentage of people walking continues to drop — about 1.5 percent even since 2009. Nearly half the people who walk to work report that the trip takes less than 10 minutes. A hardy 163,000 people walk more than 35 minutes to get to work.

Transit commuting has yet to climb back to 1990 levels, when 5.12 percent of workers rode public transportation. After years in the 4 percent range, transit mode share cracked 5 percent in 2008 and has teetered around that number ever since — a little bit up one year, a little bit down the next. Battered by the economic downturn, many transit agencies have had to cut service or raise fares at a time when more people are looking to save on transportation costs.

Solo driving still accounts for a monstrous 76 percent share of the commuting public. And while the percentage of people driving alone is down ever so slightly from the past two years, it’s been on a long-term climb, up 4 percent since 1990. Those rising numbers have taken the biggest bite out of carpooling, which has gone from a 13.4 percent mode share in 1990 to a 9.7 percent share last year.

But a closer look reveals that young people are leaning in a different direction. Tony Dutzik of the Frontier Group, which has co-written with U.S. PIRG the groundbreaking reports on changing transportation preferences, notes that the share of 20- to 24-year-old workers who car-commute has declined by 2.2 percent over the last six years.

Image: Tony Dutzik, Frontier Group

“Those young adults have significantly increased their use of public transportation and ‘other means’ of getting to work (which includes bicycling, walking, taxis and motorcycles),” Dutzik writes. “Car commuting is less important for everyone under 55 years of age, public transportation is more important for everyone under 45 years of age (with only small, likely insignificant declines among older Americans), and everyone except folks in the oldest age group is working more from home… Generational shift, anyone?”

  • Bronxite

    Here in NYC, the incline in bicycle commuting has become very noticeable. It’s become increasingly desirable due to our heavy traffic and strained mass transit system; combined with our walkable, mixed-use neighborhoods.

    I would assume that most of this growth has occurred in urban areas.

  • Adam

    That’s not just a faceless commuter pictured. It’s Riyad
    Ghannam. I believe he donated his architecture services to build the
    first permanent parklet in SF in front of Mojo Cafe. Park(ing) Day is tomorrow, as Mike Sonn pointed out. So if you are in SF, swing by Mojo Cafe for a look at part of what grew from Rebar’s experiment. I took that photo
    of Riyad on Market street all the way back in April of 2008 for Bike to
    Work promo. Note the F streetcar in the background and just a sharrow on the pavement. You’d be hard pressed to take a photo at that angle today without dozens of other cyclists in the frame. With bike commuting up so much, you’d think it would be
    easier to find a contemporary bike commuter photo! I have no idea how Hudson TMA acquired it.

  • Anonymous

    The increase in bicycle commuting is exciting news. Though absolute numbers are still tiny, we should take heart at an annual growth rate of 9%. At that rate of change we will double our mode share every eight years. Seems like we should keep pushing for bike infrastructure, since that seems like what’s pushing these changes.

  • Anonymous

    “A few caveats about the Census as a measurement of overall cycling: It
    only counts commuting, not other trips, and people who bike to work less
    than half the time don’t get counted either.”

    One more critical caveat. If your commute combines different modes, the ACS counts according to which covers the most mileage. So I’m considered a transit commuter even though I ride the train for 15 minutes and bike for 30 minutes.

    I don’t begrudge being counted as transit per se, but I wish they would recognize the bike as an integral factor in my commute. If I couldn’t ride to and from the train, I would probably be driving, not taking transit.

  • BlueFairlane

    I haven’t noticed an incline while bicycle commuting in Chicago. It’s pretty flat here.

  • Bronxite

    Even after Divy?

  • Kenny Easwaran

    I believe the person is teasing you for saying “incline” rather than “increase”, and is commenting on how level the terrain is in Chicago 🙂

  • Bronxite

    Lol, didn’t catch that. Guess I need to “speed up”.

  • KillMoto

    As one passionate about cycling, I lied on my last census. 50 minutes cycling to a 60 minute train to work. What did I cite as my primary means of commuting? The bike. Is that wrong? I don’t know, it felt right at the time.

  • Anonymous

    For of the top five ACS bicycle commuting modal shares of the 70 largest cities made strong gains from 2011 to 2012:

    _______________________2012______2011

    Portland_________________6.1%______6.3%
    Seattle__________________4.1%______3.5%
    San Francisco____________3.8%______3.4%
    Minneapolis______________4.5%______3.4%
    Washington D.C.__________4.1%______3.2%

    Portland has been 5.8-6.3% for five years in a row. The other top five performing large cities all seem to be gaining on Portland.

    The three largest cities are at the beginning of making consistent gains.

    Chicago and New York City show a two tenths of 1% increase year over year. This puts NYC bicycle commuting modal share at 1%, the same as Los Angeles.

    Survey results for Los Angeles are at 1% bicycle commuting modal share for both 2011 and 2012. This city made a large increase in the miles of bike lane installations in the last two fiscal years. In fiscal year 2011 there were 52 miles of bike lanes installed and fiscal year 2012 almost doubled that with 101 miles of bike lanes stripped. The 2013 ACS results will probably show a bump up for LA. This is likely to continue with a dedicated source of funding for on street bikeways that was approved by the city council in 2011

  • Larry Littlefield

    Age group is what matters. I started commuting by bicycle relatively late in life, but I am an exception. Most people become set in their ways, as I am in other ways.

    I don’t think those who travel by bicycle are going to stop. Thinking back, I wish I had done it all along.

  • Mishellie

    I dunno halsted and Chicago is a bit of a beast… 😛

  • Jeffrey Baker

    I’m not sure how true that is. I used to never go anywhere by car, but now that I have multiple children I often use a car. People change in both directions.

ALSO ON STREETSBLOG

DC and New Orleans Closing the Bike Commute Gap With Portland

|
Growth in bike commuting has slowed in Portland and Minneapolis, while some less well-known biking cities are making gains. Graph: Bike Portland New Census numbers are out, providing fresh data on how Americans are getting to work, and Michael Andersen at BikePortland has noticed a couple of trends. The mid-size cities best-known for biking haven’t […]

Low-Income Americans Walk and Bike to Work the Most

|
The U.S. Census Bureau just released its first-ever report exclusively on walking and biking [PDF]. Using data from the American Community Survey, the report shows how rates of active transportation vary by age, income, education, race, and the availability of a vehicle. It’s a lot more detail than the usual Census data release on how people get […]

Long-Distance Commuting Hits a Wall

|
The new Census data on commuting in America contains a fair amount of information but little reason to celebrate. The big takeaway is that almost four in five American workers commuted alone by car in 2011. Nationally, only about 5 percent of workers commute via transit. But amid the lousy news are a few reasons […]

Our Waistlines Are Expanding In Sync With Our Car-Dependence

|
States with the highest adult obesity rates also tend to be where the fewest people bike or walk to work. Image: CDC Two reports released last week underscored the increasing severity of America’s obesity epidemic. And the eye-opening findings add to the mounting evidence that stopping the spread of obesity and its attendant health risks […]