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CBO: Mileage Fee Would Cover the Full Costs of Driving Better Than Gas Tax
Posted By Tanya Snyder On March 28, 2011 @ 4:14 pm In Gas Tax,VMT | 6 Comments
With the White House unwilling to engage  on the specifics of how to pay for its $556 billion transportation bill, members of Congress are studying the possibilities. Earlier this month, Senate Budget Committee Chair Kent Conrad (D-ND) asked the Congressional Budget Office to analyze the potential of a vehicle-miles-traveled fee as a fairer way to tax drivers.
The CBO came back last week with a report  outlining the pluses and minuses of fuel taxes and the VMT fee. The report admirably assesses the full range of social costs from driving:
Any given driver’s highway use also imposes costs on other users, on nearby nonusers, on the environment, and on the economy in the form of congestion, risk of accidents, noise, emissions of greenhouse gases and pollutants that affect local air quality, and dependence on foreign oil.
The CBO highlights the benefits of charging road users accurately for “the costs their travel imposes on society” to incentivize people to “limit highway use to trips for which the benefits exceed the costs, thus reducing or eliminating overuse of highways and helping identify the economic value of investments in highways.”
The pros and cons of the two options, according to the CBO:
Fuel tax (pro):
Fuel tax (con):
The report wrestles with the different costs of different kinds of transportation: passenger cars (90 percent of all vehicles on the road) create far less wear and tear on the roads but accound for two-thirds of urban traffic congestion. And it explores some options for making VMT tracking palatable and efficient, including:
restricting the amount of information about a vehicle’s travel that is used in billing or restricting the kind of information that is conveyed to the government; making devices appealing to the public by allowing businesses to use them to provide other services, such as real-time traffic reports or electronic payment for parking; and allowing users to opt out of paying per-mile charges and instead pay higher fuel taxes.
Meters could be required in all new cars but retrofitting old ones could be expensive and drawn-out – and the equipment could be more susceptible to tampering than factory-installed devices.
The CBO doesn’t make policy recommendations, so news  reports  stating that the CBO is “recommending” a shift to the VMT fee are overstating the facts. However, the CBO report is a good tool for policymakers and advocates who may want to make this recommendation themselves.
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URL to article: http://usa.streetsblog.org/2011/03/28/cbo-mileage-fee-would-cover-the-full-costs-of-driving-better-than-gas-tax/
URLs in this post:
 unwilling to engage: http://usa.streetsblog.org/2011/03/03/senators-hammer-lahood-for-specifics-on-funding-the-presidents-transpo-plan/
 Image: http://usa.streetsblog.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/traffic.jpg
 Infrastructurist: http://www.infrastructurist.com/2011/03/03/new-report-americans-drove-3-trillion-miles-in-2010-third-most-ever/
 report: http://www.cbo.gov/doc.cfm?index=12101&zzz=41624
 in the eyes of some: http://usa.streetsblog.org/2011/03/28/2011/01/04/actually-highway-builders-roads-don%E2%80%99t-pay-for-themselves/
 news: http://www.thenewamerican.com/index.php/usnews/congress/6847-cbo-recommends-taxing-drivers-for-miles-traveled
 reports: http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-503544_162-20047201-503544.html
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