Feds on New Miami HOT Lanes: Good for Transit

Miami’s conversion of HOV lane space to new high-occupancy toll (HOT) lanes as part of the federal Urban Partnership program, which also prompted New York City’s congestion pricing push, is cutting travel times for local transit and boosting use — but overall bus ridership in the corridor has stayed static, according to a new report from the U.S. DOT.

217665_600_0_4.jpgMiami’s 95 Express HOT lanes, at left, with regular traffic at right. (Photo: SF Biz Jrnl)

The U.S. DOT, working alongside the National Bus Rapid Transit Institute, found that the city’s 95 Express project has trimmed travel times by as much as two-thirds for users of the bus service on northbound HOT lanes.

But the picture is murkier for transit in Miami’s I-95 corridor, which saw static levels of "mode share" (transportation-speak for the percentage of area travelers using a particular option) between 2008 and 2009.

Overall bus ridership in the I-95 corridor decreased by 4.6 percent, even as 95 Express bus ridership rose by 30 percent during the same period, according to the report.

Why did broad transit use fall while single-occupany vehicles flocked to the new HOT lanes? Service cuts and fare hikes of as much as 33 percent for monthly transit passes played a big role, the U.S. DOT found, as did the economic recession and lower gas prices that made auto travel more appealing to locals.

However, the report did contain some positive signals for transit mode share in Miami’s I-95 area. Half of the bus riders surveyed by the U.S. DOT said they had switched over from car travel, "which suggests that the 95 Express bus service in general has had some success over time in attracting private auto users," the report stated.

Moreover, the U.S. DOT noted that 95 Express buses constitute just one-fifth of the corridor’s total transit ridership — meaning that even a 30-percent increase in popularity can’t carry the whole system. That could change this month, however, with the current northbound 95 Express HOT lanes adding a southbound component and the state starting bus service connecting Miami-Dade with Broward County, its northern neighbor.

  • DrivingGivesUCooties

    “HOT Lanes: Good for Transit.” I’m not quite so sure that is what the report indicates. It may include statements suggesting HOT lanes and express bus are good for transit, but the body of evidence provided in the report does not support that conclusion. If the picture is this murky in sunny and warm Miami, express busses on highway HOV/HOT need serious review before they are recommended for areas of snow and ice, and particulary if contemplated to provide service in a corrdior already providing a high quality transit alternative such as rail (not the Miami example).

  • DrivingGivesUCooties

    Hmmmm . . .

    “While the sampled transit person throughput remained approximately the same, SOV person throughput increased dramatically due to SOVs being permitted to legally use the managed lanes. The net effect of this was that transit mode share in the managed lanes decreased from 15 percent in 2008 to 12.3 percent in 2009, while transit mode share for the facility as a whole remained unchanged . . .”

    The foregoing suggests somehting other than HOT being good for transit, unless, of course, decreasing or flatlining transit modeshare while simulataneously increasing SOV throughput [and use] is an indicator of success in transit-supportive investments. Lastly, the National Bus Rapid Transit Institute (NBRTI) is responsible for the evaluation of the transit elements of the Miami UPA project. Their website reads, “It is widely recognized that fostering a “positive image” is a central objective of BRT.”

ALSO ON STREETSBLOG

So Your City Is Adding HOT Lanes. Will They Work for Transit?

|
High-occupancy vehicle lanes can help incentivize carpooling (and let solo drivers sit in punishing congestion). But too often, transportation agencies spend millions of dollars to widen the road to make carpool lanes, instead of simply designating existing lanes. To recoup some of the expense, the agencies also let drivers pay to use the new “high-occupancy/toll […]

The Mythology of HOT Lanes

|
In July Virginia Governor Terry McAuliffe stood on the platform of a train station in Alexandria to announce that the U.S. Department of Transportation had granted $165 million for the Atlantic Gateway project. While this is a multimodal project featuring rail, bus, and highway improvements, it was clearly the latter that most enthused the governor. At one […]

Washington State GOP Claims a Scalp in the Name of Socialized Roads

|
Republicans in the Washington State Senate are sending a message: Don’t mess with our socialized highways. To show they’re serious about subsidizing roads, they ended the tenure of Washington DOT chief Lynn Peterson. Senate Republicans used their confirmation authority to give Peterson “one week notice” that she would be fired, as one Democrat put it. Josh Feit at Publicola explains: [State […]

American BRT: A Rapid Bus Network Expands in Las Vegas

|
Last month the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy released its report, “Recapturing Global Leadership in Bus Rapid Transit” [PDF], which proposed a LEED-like rating system for bus rapid transit projects and laid out a strategy for American cities to build systems as good as the world’s best BRT. While more than 20 American bus […]