Carrots Are Good for You, and So Are Sticks

A very interesting post today on the Streetsblog Network from getDowntown, in Ann Arbor, Michigan. The getDowntown program, which aims to get more people using alternative modes of transportation through a variety of incentives and support systems, is a partnership between the Ann Arbor Area Chamber of Commerce, the Ann Arbor Transportation
Authority, the City of Ann Arbor and the Downtown Development Authority. It’s been around since 1999.

In this post, getDowntown’s Nancy Shore steps back and asks a philosophical question about the mixture of incentives and disincentives — carrots and sticks — that are necessary to get people to kick the car-commuting habit:

3835373704_1db968f4ff.jpgPhoto by Emily Barney via Flickr.

I’ve been conducting a commuting audit for a local organization. Currently, this organization offers free parking passes for all of their employees. As a result, all of these employees park downtown.

Given the economic times, this organization is looking at ways to cut costs, and providing $130/month for each employee for a parking space is starting to look like a lot of money.

So that’s where I come in. I’ve been chatting with each staff member and asking them what other options might work for them. Pretty much every staff member knows what his/her options are, from using the Park & Ride Lots to biking to work to carpooling to telecommuting. And it’s clear to me that if this organization stopped paying for parking, many of the staff would use one of those other options rather than pay for parking themselves.

Here is a case where a stick would work to change behavior. We saw the same thing with gas prices. No one likes to lose something, especially when it feels like a pay cut. And for some staff it is just easier to park at a park and ride everyday and take the bus to work than others. If that’s the case, should everyone get the same stick, or only some people?

At the same time, the getDowntown Program offers lots of carrots to try to get people to change their commuting behavior. We have a huge carrot known as the go!pass, that gives employees unlimited rides on the buses, including to park and ride lots in addition to other incentives.  But those carrots only work if there isn’t also a chocolate cupcake (such as employer paid parking) on the plate.  In addition, our carrots are only as effective as the bus service, or the bike lanes. If the buses don’t run frequently enough or the bike lanes are poorly maintained, our carrot becomes less and less appealing.

The reason I am troubled by all of this is that people see sticks as bad. Our society sees restrictions as bad. We are all about freedom of choice. I think that’s why carrots are so appealing. But my carrot will only work if there isn’t a better incentive out there.

We’d like to hear about how other communities are handling the mixture of incentives and disincentives. Any other creative solutions out there?

More from around the network: The Dirt looks at the economic value of parks. The Infrastructurist examines Portland’s McMansion-style bridge proposal. And The Political Environment rips into Milwaukee’s massive Zoo Interchange highway expansion project.

ALSO ON STREETSBLOG

Streetsblog.net: Copout on the Transit Bailout

|
Today on the Streetsblog Network: The Transport Politic talks about how Congressional support for bailing out transit authorities who got into troublesome deals with AIG is eroding.  Also, two stories about the importance of pedestrian infrastructure in suburbia. First, Planning Livable Communities laments the poor state of sidewalk snow clearance in Framingham, MA: Why is […]

Today’s Headlines

|
Employees Union Presses House to Restore Commuter Tax Break (The Hill) Overhaul Proposed for DC Transportation as DDOT Chief Departs (WaPo) Future Funds for DC Metro in Jeopardy After Mismanagement (The Hill) Minneapolis Light Rail Debate Hinges on Equity (Minn Post) Will Houston Warm to Light Rail? (Atlantic Cities) Meanwhile, Houston Bike Commuting on the Rise […]

Detroit Advocates Challenge Michigan DOT’s Highway Expansion Plans

|
Perhaps you’ve read recently about the city of Detroit’s financial woes. The pensions of public employees are on the chopping block and Detroit may have to sell masterpieces from its art museum as it negotiates bankruptcy proceedings. But the transportation agencies that have saddled Detroit with a sprawling and expensive road system certainly aren’t scrimping. They […]

Transport U: Stanford Turns Green Commuting Into Greenbacks

|
This is the second installment in Streetsblog’s series on transportation demand management at American colleges and universities. Part one gave an overview of TDM techniques that schools employ. This post looks at how Stanford University has used TDM to reduce driving and realize huge savings in the process. Stanford graduate engineering student Matthew Haith made […]

Imagining a Healthier Transportation System for Michigan

|
What would a more sustainable transportation system look like for the Detroit region? Or Michigan at large? Detroit’s regional planning agency didn’t show much foresight when, over the protests of many local jurisdictions, it green-lighted two highway projects totaling $4 billion this summer. But the non-profit Let’s Save Michigan is trying to help Michigan’s leaders envision […]